Comparing and Contrasting


Comparing and Contrasting introduces students to the idea of comparison between two objects. Students will learn how to define both words and identify each in different contexts.

You will need to prepare ahead of time for this lesson. Note the instructions in that section on the classroom procedure page to ensure you have all the supplies you need. The “Options for Lesson” section also provides suggestions that you can add or alter in your lesson. One option is to read short stories and compare two characters rather than two items for the activity. Another options is to pair students up and have them compare and contrast each other.

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What our Comparing and Contrasting lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Comparing and Contrasting teaches students how to find similar traits and those that differ between objects. Students will be able to define both terms and correctly use them in various situations.

This lesson contains one page of content. It starts out with a question asking students to find things that are the same about two objects. Then it asks them to find things that are different. Students will learn that comparing two objects refers to finding things that are similar between the two. Contrasting two objects implies finding the traits or properties that are different.

At the bottom of the second page, there is a helpful chart that will remind students what to look for. When comparing, they should ask themselves what is the same between two items. When contrasting, they should ask what is different between two items.


Students can work in pairs or groups or on their own for the activity. You will provide each student, or group of students, several pairs of objects. Students will compare and contrast the items in each pair. The table on the worksheet shows three columns. Students will write what items they received in each pair in the first column. They will then write what is the same in the second column. Finally, they will write what differs between the objects in the third column.


The practice worksheet lists four groups of compare and contrast lines. There are pictures of two objects on the right that correspond to each group of lines. Students will compare and contrast each set of pictures and write what they find on the given lines.


Similar to the other worksheets, students will compare different sets of two items for the homework assignment. However, they will use Venn diagrams to show what they find. There are three sets of items for them to compare and contrast.

Additional information


1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade



State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RL.1.7, LB.ELA-Literacy.RL.2.1, LB.ELA-Literacy.RF.2.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.8

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.