Seven Continents


Seven Continents introduces students to some basic information about each of the seven continents on this earth. Students will learn some of the countries that are part of these continents. They will also discover some geographical features and typical weather patterns in different areas of the continents. In addition, they will be able to name and locate the continents on a globe or world map.

The “Options for Lesson” section of this lesson contains a few additional suggestions that you might want to incorporate into your lesson. One suggestion is to assign different continents to students to research and present. You might also choose to study one continent a week for seven weeks by focusing on specific areas or countries.

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What our Seven Continents lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Seven Continents teaches students all about these seven masses of land on our earth. Students will learn about some of the countries that make up each one. They will also discover some facts about them, including their sizes and populations. By the end of the lesson, they will be able to locate each continent on a globe or world map. This lesson is for students in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the yellow box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. The materials required for this lesson include blue construction paper, scissors, glue, colored pencils, a world map for display, and the handouts. Teachers can prepare for this lesson by copying the handouts.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson. For our The Seven Continents lesson plan, these options include allowing students to work in pairs for the activity. If your students are older, you can assign them a specific continent to do additional research on. You can also study one continent per week as a class for seven weeks. Students can also be asked to create their own pneumonic device to remember the names of the continents.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes some additional guidelines and helpful things to think about as you begin to plan your lesson. The teachers notes for this lesson state that teachers should be aware that students often get countries and continents confused and may need additional clarification and reminders during the course of the lesson. It suggests tailoring the lesson to the age of your students and adding in more information and resources for older students. This page also provides space for any notes you may have.


There are three main pages of content in this lesson. There is also an additional page at the beginning of the lesson titled “Continental Address”. This page is intended to be cut in half and distributed to students so that they can determine their “Continental Address”, or home address.

The first of the three content pages explains what a continent is a describes that the United States is in North America, and that North America lies between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Students will then learn how to order the continents by land mass.

Asia, Africa, North America, and South America

The next few pages describe additional facts about each continent, beginning with Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. Students will learn that Asia is the largest continent in terms of land mass and that over 3 billion people live in Asia. Some countries in Asia are India, Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam. Both the Great Wall of China and Mount Everest are located in Asia. In the section about Africa, students will learn that it is the second largest continent and contains Egypt, Kenya, Ethiopia and 51 other countries! The Sahara Desert and the Nile River are both in Africa.

In the section about North America, students will learn that the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Cuba are all in North America, along with 36 other countries. North America is home to both the 3rd largest river in the world, the Mississippi, and the largest freshwater lake in the world, Lake Superior. Students will also learn facts about South America, like that the Amazon Rainforest is located there. Some countries in South America are Peru, Argentina, Chile, and Ecuador.

Antarctica, Europe, and Australia

Students will learn about Antarctica, the fifth largest continent. There are no people at all on Antarctica except for visitors and scientists. It is both the windiest and coldest place on Earth. In the section about Europe, students will learn that this continent contains the smallest country in the world, Vatican City. Some countries in Europe include Germany, Ireland, Turkey, and Greece. Both the Eiffel Tower and Big Ben are located in Europe. Finally, in the section about Australia, students will learn that it is the smallest continent in the world and contains only one country – Australia! Some fun facts about Australia include that the native people of Australia are called Aborigines, and kangaroos also live there.

Key Terms

Many of the key terms included in this lesson are the continents themselves. Students will also learn what a continent actually is: A large mass of land separated by the oceans of the world.


The Seven Continents lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. The activity worksheet helps students practice placing the continents in relation to each other on a map. The practice worksheet tests the student’s knowledge of the continents and what they learned during the lesson. The classroom procedure guide outlines when to hand out these worksheets to your students.


Students can work with partners if you prefer for the activity portion. There are seven activity worksheets total, one for each continent. For the activity, students will label each land mass and color them different colors. Then they will cut around the borders and glue each onto construction paper to create a world map. The goal is to show the continents in the right places.


For the practice worksheet, students will read through 25 facts. They will then have to match the facts to the continent it represents. A word bank contains the names of each continent for their reference. Some of these facts include “Nearly all the countries are Spanish speaking”, “Home to fast animals: cheetah, wildebeest, lion, gazelle”, and “Contains the longest river in the world: Nile River”. Other facts test their knowledge of the geography, land features, countries, and even animals of each continent.


The homework assignment contains two sections. For the first section, students will reference the map at the top of the page. They will write which continent each number represents. For the second section, they must look at a list of 20 different countries, including Egypt, Canada, and Greece, and write which continent each belongs to.

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson includes answer keys for the practice worksheet and homework assignment. There is no answer key included for the activity pages, as every student’s world map will look slightly different. You can reference a world map to check the positions and labeling of the continents for that assignment. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade


Social Studies, Video

State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.1.7, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.7, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.7

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great lesson plans

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It was great! The items were very well organized. There were a few typos, however, in 3 of the 4 downloads. All in all, it is such a help. Thank you!

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great resource, easy for the early grades to understand

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7 Continents of the World

Love this video. It has great information and the kids love it😊