History of Mexico


History of Mexico provides students a foundation of knowledge about Mexico’s history. Students will learn how the country was colonized and about some of the people who greatly influenced its history. They will discover interesting facts and be able to summarize Mexico’s history by the end of the lesson.

The “Options for Lesson” section offers a couple suggestions that you could use in addition to the lesson. Students may have questions about specific things they learned about during the lesson. Have students research something about Mexico’s history that interests them and write a report, present what they found, or create a poster that displays the things they learned. You could also use the practice and homework worksheets as prewriting tools for the students to write essays or reports.

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What our History of Mexico lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: History of Mexico teaches students about the colonization of Mexico and many important events and people. Students will discover many cool facts about this beautiful country. They will also become familiar with many historical figures and important events that influenced the country. By the end, they will be able to summarize Mexico’s history and describe the effects of colonization.

This lesson contains four pages of content. Students will discover a lot of interesting facts about Mexico’s history. They will learn how one of Mexico’s presidents, Benito Ju├írez, was a Zapotec Indian, the first indigenous president of Mexico. The people still respect him to this day. His successor was a dictator whose style of leadership ended in revolts and threats of civil war.

Students will also learn some unfortunately facts about the country as well. While the country is a popular vacation spot for tourists, Mexico’s economy has not improved since the end of WWII. Drug smuggling is very common there in recent decades. And many people cross the border into the U.S. to find work since Mexico does not have enough jobs for everyone.


The activity worksheet for this lesson will test students’ ability to think outside the box a little bit. You can decide whether students work alone or with partners or groups. Students will discuss what they see on a blank map of North America. There are no labels, so they will have to try and remember where certain things are. The idea is to have them use academic language to describe what they see based on the outline of the continent. For instance, they may be able to label the oceans correctly and even the rough borders of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The activity should not take too long as it is introductory.


For the practice worksheet, students will write as many things as possible that they know about Mexico. There are two circles, one small one in one big one. They will write “The History of Mexico” as the topic in the small circle. Then they will jot down all the things they can think of about the topic. In the four corners outside the circles, they will write how they know what they know, such as through books, movies, friends, or news sources.


The homework assignment requires students to use a Venn diagram to compare what they learned about the colonization of Mexico to what they already know about that of the U.S. The instructions list a few things to think about to help guide students in the right direction.

Additional information


4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade


Social Studies

State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.