Facts and Opinions


Facts and Opinions is an excellent lesson for helping students understand the difference between factual information and information based on personal interpretations or beliefs. They will learn what bias is as well as what qualifiers are in relation to opinions. They will also discover that there are different types of opinions: uninformed, informed, and expert.

This lesson also contains several suggestions in the “Options for Lesson” section that you can use if you prefer. For instance, you may choose to have students work in groups or alone for the activity, rather than in pairs. You can also have students write a short history of their lives that incorporate both fact and opinion statements. They can later share their stories with others and have them try to identify the facts and the opinions.

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What our Facts and Opinions lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Facts and Opinions introduces students to the difference between something that is factual and something that is simply an opinion. Students will learn to identify and distinguish between the two. They will also analyze current events stories, articles, and other sources to find examples of each. By the end, they will have a firm knowledge of what a fact is and what an opinion is.

There are five content pages total in this lesson. The lesson first defines what a fact is and what an opinion is. It describes how sometimes people make opinions sound like facts and vice versa. However, the lesson mentions that there are strategies people can use to figure out whether or not something is a fact or an opinion.

It goes on to describe that there are different types of opinions: uninformed, informed, and expert. It mentions how informed and expert opinions often sound like facts. While they are still opinions, they are usually better than uninformed opinions. The lesson then introduces students the idea of objective and subjective perspectives and provides an example. Students will then learn about bias and words called qualifiers, which include always, never, think, believe, likely, and must.


The activity worksheet will help students solidify their grasp of the lesson. They will work with partners as they explain why certain statements are either fact or opinion, or both. If the statement is an opinion, they will write their own. If it is a fact, they will write an opinion related to the fact. There are 10 total statements in the activity.


For the practice, students will hone the skill of recognizing bias and qualifiers. There are 20 statements total. Students will mark whether each one is a fact (F), an opinion (O), or both (B). After reviewing the statements, they will circle all the biased words and qualifiers.


The homework assignment has a few sections. First, students will have to mark whether opinions are uninformed (U), informed (I), or expert (E). There are 10 statements in that section. Next, they will read a passage. They will underline all the facts and circle all the opinions. Last, they will define six different words relating to the lesson material.

Additional information


4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade


Social Studies

State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.