Plant and Animal Cells

Plant and Animal Cells introduces students to some basic facts about plant cells and animal cells. There are several commonalities between the two, but there are also a number of differences. Students will learn to distinguish between the two based on what the cell looks like and what organelles it contains. They will be able to identify the names and functions of these cell parts.

There are a few suggestions in the “Options for Lesson” section that you may want to incorporate into your lesson. For example, you could have students work in pairs or groups for the activity, rather than on their own. You could also split the class into two large groups and have each group create a giant version of either a plant cell or an animal cell. Feel free to get creative!


Plant and Animal Cells teaches students all about the cells of plants and animals. Students will learn the differences and be able to identify a cell based on the parts inside it. The lesson will explain the functions of many of these cell parts, or organelles. By the end, students should be able to look at a drawing of a cell and easily identify its type.

What Plant and Animal Cells includes

This lesson contains four pages of content. It begins by defining cells as the basic building blocks of life. Students will learn that cells are very tiny; billions of cells join together to create a living organism. They will discover that there are many different types of cells, but they will contain several universal organelles.

The lesson describes the most common cell parts, including nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria. Then it will discuss some uncommon cell parts. These include cell wall, chloroplasts, and centrioles. Not all cells would have these organelles. For instance, only animal cells—not plant cells—would contain centrioles.


You will provide a number of supplies for the activity worksheet. Students will review the content pages to create their own models of a plant cell and an animal cell. They will have to label each of the parts and add as much detail as possible. In addition, they will include some facts about each part. They can use the internet to find more information that what the lesson provides.


There are two parts for the practice worksheet. First, students will mark whether each organelle of nine is in a plant cell (P), an animal cell (A), or both (B). Next, they will write the correct cell part that matches a description. There are 16 total statements in this section.


The homework assignment also breaks into two parts. For the first part, students must match a definition to the correct term from the word bank. Then they will answer each of 10 total questions based on the lesson content.

Additional information


4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade



State Educational Standards

CSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.7

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.