Newton’s Laws of Motion


Newton’s Laws of Motion introduce students to the three famous laws that explain how motion, force, acceleration, actions, etc. work on objects. Students will learn what each law is and be able to explain them. They will also be able to provide examples that represent each law.

The “Options for Lesson” section provides several additional suggestions of things to do for the lesson. One suggestion is to group students and assign them a specific law. They can make that law the focus of their presentations. You could also have them observe examples in their neighborhoods or at home of the laws.

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What our Newton’s Laws of Motion lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Newton’s Laws of Motion teaches students the three laws that Sir Isaac Newton realized in the 17th century. Students will discover what each law is and be able to provide examples. By the end of the lesson, they should be able to recognize examples of each law as they observe them happening. This lesson is for students in 5th grade and 6th grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the yellow box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. For this lesson, you will need a variety of supplies, such as marbles, balls of different sizes, rubber bands, small toys, and so on. Read over the activity worksheet to figure out what other materials you might want to use.

Options for Lesson

The “Options for Lesson” section lists a number of ideas for additional tasks or activities or alternatives ways to approach aspects of the lesson. A could of these relate to the activity. Students could work alone or in pairs rather than in groups for the activity. You could assign a law to specific groups of students to focus on for their presentations. Another idea is for students to find and explain examples of Newton’s laws in real life, such as in their neighborhood, in town, at home, and so on. You could also incorporate Newton’s laws into a math lesson. One more suggestion is to conduct a physics fair for parents where students set up exhibits that demonstrate the three laws of motion.

Teacher Notes

The paragraph on the teacher notes pages describes a little more about what you can expect from this lesson plan. It mentions that students may know the three laws but may not fully understand how they apply in their everyday lives. You may benefit from teaching this lesson at the same time as others on physics. Use the blank lines to write out your ideas or thoughts as you prepare the lesson for your class.


There are four pages of content in total in this lesson. The first page explains who Sir Isaac Newton is. Students will understand why we associate him to an apple falling from a tree. They will learn some other facts about the scientist and how he developed the laws we know today that relate to force and motion.

The next pages describe the first and second laws of motion. Students may have heard these statements before, but now they will learn exactly what they mean. The pages also provide examples to represent each law and how it works. The final page describes the third law and presents a couple examples to demonstrate how actions and reactions work together.


The Newton’s Laws of Motion lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. Each worksheet will help solidify students’ grasp of the content and help them demonstrate what they learned. The guide on the classroom procedure page explains when to hand out each worksheet to the class throughout the lesson.


Students will work in small groups for the activity. You will need to prepare beforehand by collecting a number of supplies to use during the activity. Students will write out examples of each law, using the supplies, in the corresponding box on the worksheet. They will then explain how it relates to that specific law. They should have at least two examples for each law.


There are two sections for the practice worksheet. The first section lists the three laws of motion and then 10 statements. Students must decide which law the statements relate to. For the section section, they will match definitions to the correct terms. There are eight definitions and terms to match.


The homework assignment requires students to answer 15 questions as they relate to what students learned in the lesson. You may or may not choose to allow students to use the content pages for reference.

Worksheet Answer Keys

The final pages of the lesson plan are answer keys for both the practice and homework worksheets. All the correct answers are in red to make it easy to compare them to the responses from your students. There are a few questions on the homework page that may yield some variation in students’ responses. Keep that in mind as you grade. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


5th Grade, 6th Grade


Science, Video

State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.

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