Metamorphic Rocks

Metamorphic Rocks introduces students to a deeper discussion on this specific class of rock. Students will learn all about how this type of rock forms and which rocks fall into this category. The lesson reminds them about the other two types of rock, sedimentary and igneous, and about the rock cycle. Students will discover some traits of specific kinds of metamorphic rocks, including slate, gneiss, and marble.

There are many suggestions listed in the “Options for Lesson” section that you can use in addition to or as alternative activities for your lesson. One option is to have students go outside and look for rocks that might be metamorphic. They could also create poems or stories from the perspective of the rock itself. You could also deliver this lesson during a planned “Rock Week” and teach the other lessons we have about rocks and the rock cycle.

What our Metamorphic Rocks lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Metamorphic Rocks outlines some of the traits and types of rock that fall in this category. Students will discover these traits and be able to list them correctly. They will learn how to identify these rocks and explain how they formed in the rock cycle. By the end, they will be able to recognize rocks that are metamorphic.

There are four pages of content in this lesson. The beginning of the lesson reminds students that there are three major categories of rocks that all rocks fall in. The properties and traits of a rock determine which group it belongs to. The lesson then describes how metamorphic rocks are ones that have changed due to extreme heat and pressure. The “morph” in metamorphic means to change.

Students will discover the two different types of changes that take place in rocks: regional and contact. Regional changes, also called dynamic, happen in big masses of rock, and this type is most common. The second type is contact, which is also called thermal. These changes happen from both extreme pressure and intense heat. Students will then learn about the two basic types of metamorphic rocks: foliated (layered) and non-foliated (not layered).


The activity worksheet requires students to create an acrostic. They will use the letters of the word “metamorphic” and write a word or sentence beginning for each letter. The words and sentences they choose have to relate to the lesson. Once they choose what they want for each letter, they will transfer it to the paper you provide them. They will also need to add color and images, either hand-drawn or from other sources.


For the practice worksheet, students will need to remember facts on the specific rocks they learned about. The word bank includes each of the six foliated and non-foliated rock types that the lesson described. There is a total of 20 statements on the worksheet. Students much match these statements to the rock they represent.


There are two parts to the homework assignment. For the first section, students must match definitions to the correct term in the word bank. For the second section, they will answer the 10 questions listed.

Additional information


4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade



State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.5, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.9

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.