Lemurs

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Lemurs is a high-interest reading comprehension lesson that allows students to practice grade-appropriate reading comprehension, foundational reading, and reading fluency skills. These reading comprehension lessons are designed to be completed in one or two class settings.

Each lesson discusses a subject that students want to read about and that teachers will want to incorporate into their reading instruction. The lesson is appropriate as a whole-class, stand-alone lesson or as an independent small-group activity. Be sure to check if there is a Learn Bright video that goes with this lesson!

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Description

What our Lemurs lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Lemurs is a high-interest reading comprehension lesson plan. As such, students will practice various close reading and comprehension skills. In addition, they will learn about the lemur’s habitat, diet, and behaviors. This lesson is for students in 3rd grade, 4th grade, and 5th grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the yellow box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. The activity in this lesson requires a wooden beam or narrow board on the floor to represent a tree branch, small bean bags or soft balls, and stopwatch or timer.

Teacher Notes

The paragraph on this page provides a little more information or guidance on what to expect from the lesson. It explains that you can teach this lesson in a whole-class setting or as an independent, small-group activity. You can use the blank lines to record any thoughts or ideas you have as you prepare.

LEMURS LESSON PLAN CONTENT PAGES

What Are Lemurs?

The Lemurs lesson plan contains three content pages. It begins by providing a box of background information about this animal. Lemurs are mammals that live exclusively in Madagascar off the east coast of southern Africa. They are omnivores and live between 16 and 20 years.

Lemurs are cute, furry animals that live on the African island of Madagascar. They have big, round eyes that help them see well in the dark. Most of them have long tails that they use for balance when they jump from tree to tree. Lemurs come in different colors—either brown, gray, or red—and have soft fur that helps them stay warm in their tropical forest homes. These forests are filled with tall trees and many plants, making them the perfect place for lemurs to live.

Lemurs are very social animals, which means they love to live together in groups called troops. You’ll find lemurs of different ages and sizes in these troops, from babies to grown-ups. They help each other find food and watch for predators such as hawks and snakes. Some lemurs enjoy grooming each other, meaning they help clean each other’s fur. Grooming helps them build strong bonds within their groups and stay healthy.

When baby lemurs are born, they are very tiny and need lots of care. Their moms take good care of them by feeding them milk and keeping them safe. Baby lemurs spend most of their time clinging to their moms’ fur. They start exploring and playing with other young lemurs in the troop as they grow. This close family bond helps the young learn essential skills that they will need when they grow up and live independently in the forest.

Lemur Diet

When it comes to food, lemurs act like little explorers! They’re omnivores, so they eat plants and animals, including insects and sometimes small reptiles. Their favorite foods include leaves, flowers, fruits, and tree sap. They are good at finding yummy fruits high up in the trees, thanks to their muscular tails that allow them to balance as they jump from branch to branch.

Now, when it comes to catching their food, lemurs don’t usually chase things as lions or cheetahs do. Instead, they are what scientists call opportunistic feeders. This means they eat whatever food they can find without too much hunting. Lemurs have sharp teeth for chewing plants and nibbling on insects or small animals. They are also great at using their keen sense of smell to find the tastiest treats in the forest, such as ripe fruits and fresh leaves. So, while they’re not the fastest hunters, they’re skilled at finding delicious meals!

Interesting Facts about Lemurs

These cool primates have long tails that are sometimes even longer than their bodies! Their tails help them balance when they leap from tree to tree in the forest. Lemurs are like the tightrope walkers of the woods. Here’s a strange fact: A lemur’s tail is used for communication with other lemurs. Scientists call this stink fighting. Lemurs rub their tails on special scent glands and then wave them around to let other lemurs know who the boss is or to mark their territory!

Most lemurs are nocturnal because they are active at night instead of during the day. This is because they have big, round eyes that are perfect for seeing in the dark. Being awake at night helps them avoid some of their predators, like eagles and giant snakes. Some lemurs are diurnal, however, meaning they are active during the day. They usually have bright fur and are easier to spot. So, lemurs come in day and night versions!

Apart from a zoo, you won’t find lemurs anywhere in the world except for the island country of Madagascar in Africa. This makes these unique animals endemic. Scientists categorize animals as endemic when they are found in only one specific area. Lemurs are a treasure unique to Madagascar, so it’s vital to protect their home and ensure they continue to thrive there.

Why Are They Important?

Lemurs are the superheroes of Madagascar’s forests! They play an important part in keeping the balance in their environment. They help spread seeds from the fruits they eat. When they munch on tasty fruits, they often drop some seeds as they move around. The seeds grow into new plants and trees, which keeps the forest healthy and diverse. Without lemurs, some plants might not have a chance to grow. This could affect many other animals that rely on those plants, too!

Many kinds of lemurs are endangered. This means they are in trouble or threatened because there aren’t as many of them left in the wild. One reason for this is that their forest homes are getting smaller due to farming and cutting down trees. Some species also face dangers from people who want to hunt them. It’s important for us to help protect lemurs and their forests so they can keep being those amazing seed-spreading, jungle-keeping superheroes!

LEMURS LESSON PLAN WORKSHEETS

The Lemurs lesson plan includes two worksheets: an activity worksheet and a practice worksheet. Each one will help students solidify their grasp of the material they learned throughout the lesson. You can refer to the classroom procedure guidelines to know when to hand out each worksheet.

GYMNASTICS BALANCE CHALLENGE ACTIVITY WORKSHEET

For this activity, students will imitate the balance and agility of lemurs. They must walk across a “tree branch” (beam) while balancing something on their head without letting it fall off. Each student will get to try three times by themselves and then three times as a group. After they finish their turns, they will answer the questions at the bottom of the page.

LEMURS PRACTICE WORKSHEET

The practice worksheet lists 11 questions based on the content. These questions all relate to the content pages, so students will need to refer to them often for the answers. In addition, each question provides which reading tool the question corresponds to, such as text feature, vocabulary, or comprehension.

Worksheet Answer Keys

At the end of the lesson plan document is an answer key for the practice worksheet. The correct answers are all in red to make it easier for you to compare them with students’ responses. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information

State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.2, LB.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.4, NGSS.3.LS4.1–5

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.