Komodo Dragons


Komodo Dragons is a high-interest reading comprehension lesson that allows students to practice grade-appropriate reading comprehension, foundational reading, and reading fluency skills. These reading comprehension lessons are designed to be completed in one or two class settings.

Each lesson discusses a subject that students want to read about and that teachers will want to incorporate into their reading instruction. The lesson is appropriate as a whole-class, stand-alone lesson or as an independent small-group activity. Be sure to check if there is a Learn Bright video that goes with this lesson!

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What our Komodo Dragons lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Komodo Dragons is a high-interest reading comprehension lesson plan. As such, students will practice various close reading and comprehension skills. In addition, they will learn about the habitat, diet, and behaviors of these dragons. This lesson is for students in 4th grade and 5th grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the yellow box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page provides an extra paragraph of information to help guide the lesson. It explains that you can teach this lesson in a whole-class setting or as an independent, small-group activity. You can use the blank lines to write down any other ideas or thoughts you have about the topic as you prepare.


What Are Komodo Dragons?

The Komodo Dragons lesson plan contains three content pages. It begins by providing a box of background information about this amazing reptile. This enormous reptile lives in Southeastern Indonesia on a group of islands. They are carnivores and live off of meat sources. They can live up to around 30 years.

Komodo dragons are incredible creatures! They’re the biggest lizards in the world and can grow as long as a small car. They have tough, scaly skin that comes in gray, green, and brown colors. This coloring helps them blend in to their environment and protects them against the sun’s harsh ultraviolet rays (UV rays). Komodo dragons use strong, sharp claws and teeth to catch their food. They also possess a unique gland in their lower jaw that secretes venom that immobilizes their prey. Their long, forked tongue helps them gather chemical information from the air, allowing them to locate potential food sources. Because of their size and strength, these dragons are amazing apex predators.

Unlike many other animals, Komodo dragons are primarily loners. They prefer to live solitary lives instead of in social groups. Each dragon establishes and defends its territory, spanning several square kilometers. A dragon’s territory is vital for its survival as it provides access to critical resources like prey and fresh water. Komodo dragons exhibit territorial behaviors such as scent marking, using special glands to leave their scent behind to warn other dragons. This territoriality ensures they have ample space and resources to thrive in their harsh habitat.

When it comes to having babies, Komodo dragons lay eggs in nests that they dig in the ground. Once the baby dragons hatch, they’re on their own, and their parents don’t provide any care. The babies must find their own food, including insects and small mammals, and stay safe from potential predators. This early independence is known as precocial behavior, where the young are relatively self-sufficient from birth. It’s a brutal world out there for young Komodo dragons, and only the strongest and most intelligent survive the challenges of their ecosystem.

What Do They Eat?

Komodo dragons have a pretty interesting menu. They like to feast on a variety of animals, and their favorite choices include deer and wild pigs. These are their go-to meals. However, they’re not too picky, and they’ll eat birds, smaller mammals, and sometimes even fish if they can catch them. What’s unique is that Komodo dragons have an excellent sense of smell, which helps them track down their meals from quite a distance.

Now, when it comes to catching their food, Komodo dragons are really good at sneaking up on their prey. They have a particular skill called ambush predation. It’s like a surprise attack! They hide in tall grass or behind rocks, and when an animal comes by, they use their strong legs and sharp claws to pounce on it. The dragons also have a secret weapon—their saliva! Their spit is full of harmful bacteria that can make an animal sick. So, even if the prey gets away, it might not survive for long. It’s like the dragons have a built-in germ weapon to help them catch their dinner.

Other Interesting Facts

As you learned, Komodo dragons possess a fascinating adaptation in their saliva. They produce venom- containing toxic proteins and enzymes in specialized glands. When they bite their prey, these compounds cause the prey to bleed. The animal then has difficulty stopping the bleeding, which makes it harder to escape. This venomous strategy sets the dragons apart as efficient predators in their ecosystem.

Komodo dragons are super speedy eaters. Their mouths can stretch wide, like when you open your mouth to take a big bite of pizza. Because they can open so wide, Komodo dragons swallow their food whole—they don’t waste any time! After a big meal, their belly looks really full, just like when you eat a big Thanksgiving dinner.

Komodo dragons have some of the sharpest teeth in the animal kingdom, but you wouldn’t know it because they’re hidden beneath their gums. Their teeth are like saw blades, with little notches along the edges. These teeth continually grow and replace old ones, so they always have sharp teeth, ready to bite into their next meal. It’s like having a set of fresh, sharp knives to cut their food.

Why Are Komodo Dragons Important?

Komodo dragons are essential to their environment because they help keep their ecosystem balanced. They are the guardians of their home, which is a group of islands in Indonesia. By eating deer and wild pigs, they help control the number of these animals so there are not too many of them running around and eating up all the plants. This is vital because overeating the plants can cause other problems in the ecosystem.

As for whether Komodo dragons are endangered, the answer is a bit complicated. They are not endangered overall, but their situation is tricky. You see, people sometimes hunt the dragons, and their homes are getting smaller because of things like deforestation. This makes it harder for them to find food and safe places to live. So, even though they are not endangered everywhere, some groups of Komodo dragons are at risk. We need to protect their habitats and make sure they have enough food to keep being the fantastic nature helpers they are!


The Komodo Dragons lesson plan includes two worksheets: an activity worksheet and a practice worksheet. Each one will help students solidify their grasp of the material they learned throughout the lesson. You can refer to the classroom procedure guidelines to know when to hand out each worksheet.


For the activity, students will compare and contrast the Komodo dragon to another reptile. You can assign the students a specific reptile or let them choose. The dragon’s adaptations are already in the diagram. Students must complete the diagram by adding their reptiles adaptations. If there are traits that both share that are listed on the Komodo dragon’s side, students should move them to the middle.

After they complete the diagram, students will write which adaptation is the most important to the dragon’s survival. They will also write which one is most important to their own reptile’s survival.


The practice worksheet lists 11 questions based on the content. These questions all relate to the content pages, so students will need to refer to them often for the answers. In addition, each question provides which reading tool the question corresponds to, such as text feature, vocabulary, or comprehension.

Worksheet Answer Keys

At the end of the lesson plan document is an answer key for the practice worksheet. The correct answers are all in red to make it easier for you to compare them with students’ responses. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


4th Grade, 5th Grade


Science, High-Interest Reading

State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.