Human Skin


Human Skin introduces students to many of the characteristics and functions of this organ. Students will learn that of all the organs in their bodies, the skin is considered the largest. They will discover cool facts about scars and birthmarks and how the skin reacts to different things.

The “Options for Lesson” section on the classroom procedure page offers many suggestions for alternatives or additions to your lesson. To teach students more about skin, for instance, you could have them research specific skin conditions and present what they find to the class. Another option is to have students compare human skin to the skin of other animals.

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What our Human Skin lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Human Skin teaches students all about the largest organ in the human body. Students will discover some amazing facts about skin and its traits. They will be able to define major parts of the skin and list its functions. The lesson even lists an option that provides students the opportunity to observe how skin reacts to different things, such as cold weather. This lesson is for students in 4th grade, 5th grade, and 6th grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the yellow box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand.

Options for Lesson

The classroom procedure page has an “Options for Lesson” section that lists several suggestions for additional tasks. One idea is to assign a skin condition to each students to research and present to the class, such as melanoma. Another idea is to have students draw a birthmark that they would like to have. They could also make an enlarged drawing of skin with labels and other information about each part. You could invite a dermatologist to speak to the class and answer their questions about human skin. One more idea is for students to compare human skin to the skin of other animals. If it’s cold outside when you present this lesson, you could take students outside to observe their goosebumps up close with a magnifying glass.

Teacher Notes

The paragraph on the teacher notes page provides extra information or guidance for the lesson. It suggests teaching this lesson in conjunction with others that relate to the human body. You can use the blank lines on this page to write down thoughts and ideas you have as you prepare.


There is a total of five content pages that detail a lot of information about skin. The lesson describes how skin protects the body’s muscles, bones, internal organs, and all other parts of the body. Students will also discover that skin helps the body maintain its proper temperature and allows them to have a sense of touch.

The lesson describes each layer of skin and provides key facts about each one. It also displays key parts of the skin and surrounding area, including veins, sweat glands, nerves, and hair roots. Students will learn more specific facts about specific functions of skin, such as temperature control. They will also learn why certain skin problems occur, such as blisters corns. The lesson then describes some common skin conditions and why they might happen to people.


The Human Skin lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. Each one helps reinforce students’ grasp of the lesson material. Use the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet to the class.


The activity worksheet instructs students to work with a partner. However, you can also have students work alone or in groups if you prefer. There are two pages for the activity. Remind students to be careful during this portion as they will be using a sharp object. Students will take turns testing how a needle, cloth, and pencil eraser feel different parts of their hands and arms and compare them. Then they will use a magnifying glass to see their skin close up. They will observe the parts of their skin that have no hair and the parts that do have hair. Then they will draw pictures to represent what they observed.


For the practice worksheet, students will match definitions to the words they represent in the word bank. There are 15 total definitions. Then they will complete three questions in which they have to name layers of skin, parts of skin, and skin conditions.


There are two sections for the homework assignment. The first part requires students to label each part of the human skin. There is an image on the worksheet with the blank labels pointing to the proper part. A word bank contains each of the eight terms they will need. For the second part, students must match facts to the skin layer they represent: epidermis (E), dermis (D), hypodermis (H).

Worksheet Answer Keys

The last two pages of the PDF are answer keys for the practice and homework worksheets. Given the nature of these assignments, students responses should match those on the answer keys exactly. The correct answers are in red to make it easy to compare to students’ work. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade



State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.3, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.2, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.4, LB.ELA-Literacy.RST.6.7

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.