Farm Animals


Farm Animals introduces students to the creatures that one would often and likely find at a farm. Students will discover facts about other habitats for various animals, such as zoos, residents, and the wild. They will learn the differences between a rural and urban environment.

There are a few more suggestions listed in the “Options for Lesson” section that you can incorporate into the lesson plan if you have extra time. One idea is to plan a field trip to a local farm or invite a farmer to speak to the class and answer they questions.

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What our Farm Animals lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Farm Animals explores the specific types of animal species that live on farms. Students will learn to differentiate among animals that live on farms, in zoos, in residential homes, in the wild, and so on. They will also gain a basic understanding of how urban and rural environments differ from each other. This lesson is for students in 1st grade and 2nd grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the yellow box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. This lesson requires pencils, pens, highlighters, and diorama supplies (e.g., shoebox, cardboard, plastic animals, etc.).

Options for Lesson

You will find several additional ideas and activities to incorporate into the lesson in the “Options for Lesson” section of the classroom procedure page. One idea is to plan a field trip to a local farm. Another option is to invite a farmer or rancher to speak to the class and talk about the animals that live on their property. Another fun activity would be to create a new farm-related song and divide the class into groups that will come up with each verse. For the practice worksheet, students could choose which type of building or scene they want to replicate, like a farm, ranch, cow pasture, and so on.

Teacher Notes

The paragraph on this page provides a little extra information on what you can expect from the lesson. You could also teach this lesson at the same time as or before a lesson photosynthesis. Use the lines to write out your thoughts as you prepare.


Animals of the Farm

The Farm Animals lesson plan contains a total of three content pages. The lesson begins by discussing pets and how hard it can be to take care of them. We need to feed our pets, give them clean water to drink, and take them to the veterinarian when they need extra care. Having a pet is fun, but it’s hard work too.

Living on a farm, however, requires taking care of lots of different “pets” at the same time. One kind of farm animal is a cow. Cows are large and eat about 25 pounds of food every day. They need space to roam around, which is why they don’t often reside in people’s backyards. Most dairy farms have more than a thousand cows. Farmers sell the milk from their cows to diaries, which turn the milk in ice cream, cheese, and other products.

Chickens are another common farm animal. They didn’t always exist in America. Many scientists think the first chickens came to America a little over 500 years ago. Students will discover that there are more chickens in the U.S. than there are people! Chickens don’t need as much space as cows, so some people do keep chickens as pets.

Sheep are yet another farm animal that have thick fur called wool. People can use wool to make clothing, warm blankets, and other textile materials. Once a year, the sheep get sheared, which is basically a short haircut to remove the wool. Then the farmer can sell the wool to companies that make clothing.

Other Animals

Some farms have horses. Ranchers use horses to help them move cows to new places. Like chickens, there were no horses in America until about 600 years ago. People raise horses to work on farms, but sometimes they raise them to race. Other people ride horses just for fun, similar to people ride bikes.

There are many other types of animals that live on farms. Dogs and cats are common, as are rabbits and pigs. Many farms have lots of birds, and others have donkeys and mules. Ducks are usually around, and some farms even have turtles. Farm animals are different from the animals we often have as pets. In fact, most farm animals aren’t treated like pets—they all have jobs!

Some farm animals work on the farm, such as horses. Cowboys ride the horses to keep track of their cows. Other animals provide food. Eggs from chickens and milk from cows are two examples. Still, other animals like sheep provide wool, and donkeys or mules can help carry and transport things.

Farm versus Zoo

The animals we find on farms are very different than those we see at a zoo. Zoos are places where animals live so that people can see them. Most zoo animals are not the types we can or should have as pets. They also might not be the animals we would see where we live, such as polar bears. Zoos also keep these animals safe and protected.

Most animals in the world are neither farm animals nor zoo animals. Instead, they live in the wild. Wild animals do not make good pets, though. They may look friendly, but they are easily scared and can injure people if they get too close. Some wild animals make us sick, and others are poisonous. It’s important to be careful around animals.

Farm animals are special because they provide with a variety of vital things, such as food to keep us healthy and wool to keep us warm. Most of all, what makes them unique is that they have jobs. A lot of work goes into farming, and much of that work would not be easy without the help of these special farm animals.


The Farm Animals lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. Each one of these handouts will help students demonstrate their knowledge and will reinforce what they learned throughout the lesson. Use the guidelines on the classroom procedure page to determine when to give students each worksheet.


The activity requires students to look at pictures of 12 different animals. Students will cut out the pictures and paste them into one of three boxes. One box is for farm animals, another is for zoo animals, and the last is for wild animals.


For the practice, students will use a variety of materials to create a diorama model of a farm. They can use a shoebox or similar container as the base. They can create the appropriate animals out of cardboard or clay, or they can get plastic animals from the store. If they want to, students can include other things like buildings or trees in the background.


Students will decide what their favorite farm animal is for the homework assignment. They will then draw a picture of the animal in the box at the top of the worksheet. Then they will write three sentences about the animal on the lines below the box.

Worksheet Answer Keys

If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


1st Grade, 2nd Grade



State Educational Standards

NGSS.2-LS4-1, NGSS.3-LS4-3, NGSS.3-LS1-1

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.