What our Earthquakes and Volcanoes – STEM lesson plan includes
Lesson Objectives and Overview: Earthquakes and Volcanoes – STEM defines and explains the causes and effects of these destructive events. Students will create a visual working model of a seismograph and of a volcano.
This lesson has four content pages. The first two pages describes earthquakes and what causes them to occur. Students will learn about plate tectonics and fault lines. They will discover a few different ways plate tectonics move.
The other pages describe volcanoes and their causes. Students will learn about the three stages of a volcano and the difference between magma and lava. The content does not cover the different types of volcanoes because the homework assignment provides students the opportunity to research them on their own.
Students will work with a partner for the activity. You will need to supply students with cardboard boxes, string, cups, tape, receipt paper, and several other things. (Review the list on the classroom procedure page.) Students will use these materials to build a model of a seismograph and simulate an earthquake. First, they will follow the step-by-step directions to build the model. Then they will work together to simulate the earthquake. The worksheet outlines these directions as well.
VOLCANO ERUPTION PRACTICE WORKSHEET
The practice worksheet provides students the chance to build a working model volcano. It lists the ingredients they will need as well as the directions. You should probably have students conduct this experiment outdoors. Students will also need to follow lab safety rules and wear protective goggles, gloves, and so on. After they perform the experiment, they will respond to three prompts at the bottom of the worksheet.
EARTHQUAKES AND VOLCANOES – STEM HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
For the homework, students will need to visit the website listed in the instructions to gather data to fill out a chart. They can also use other websites to find images. The table contains three columns for students to describe four types of volcanoes and add a fun fact and picture for each one.