Producers and Consumers

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Producers and Consumers provides students with a great opportunity to learn about two major building blocks of a working economy. This lesson touches on several concepts relating to the economy but focuses specifically on producers and consumers and who fits into each category. Farmers, chefs, and t-shirt makers are producers. And every single person in the world is a consumer in many ways because everybody needs products and services nearly every day.

There are a number of suggestions or alternatives listed in the “Options for Lesson” section that you might choose to incorporate into your lesson. You can have parents come in and discuss how they are producers and how they are consumers. You can plan a field trip to a local grocery store and have students identify goods and services, as well as who the producers are and what the resources are. You can also adjust the activity so that students work in groups instead of individually.

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Description

What our Producers and Consumers lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Producers and Consumers teaches students about the relationship between consumers and the products they purchase and use. An economy functions in large part through these interactions. Students will define the two terms and learn how they differ from each other. By the end of the lesson, they will be able to explain those differences and describe how it works.

There are four content pages in this lesson. It starts off by defining consumer and producer. Consumers are people who buy and use goods and services. Producers make goods or provide services. It then goes on to explain the difference between goods and services. After explaining what economy means, it explains how the concept of producers and consumers exists naturally. In science, for example, plants are producers and animals are consumers.

Students will learn about producers and discuss specific examples, including chefs, barbers, doctors, and farmers. To illustrate that they might be producers, you could ask if any of your students have ever sold lemonade. The lesson also mentions that if they have ever taken out the trash or done the dishes, they are technically producers. Students will also discover that they are all consumers. Every single person is a consumer because everyone uses goods and services every day.

CREATE A POSTER ACTIVITY

The activity provides students an opportunity to demonstrate their grasp of what they learned during the lesson. They will cut out fives words—consumer, producer, goods, services, resources—and glue them onto some construction paper. Then they will draw pictures or cut images out of magazines that match the words.

CONSUMER OR PRODUCER PRACTICE WORKSHEET

For the practice worksheet, students will read 20 statements. They will have to mark whether each statement relates to a consumer (C) or producer (P).

PRODUCERS AND CONSUMERS HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

There are three sections on the homework assignment. For the first section, students will mark whether each of 10 statements is true (T) or false (F). For the second section, students will match the five words in the word bank to their definitions. The last section requires them to answer five questions.

Additional information

grade-level

2nd Grade, 3rd Grade

subject

Reading

State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.1, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.7, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.1, LB.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.7

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.

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