Description Nonfiction Text Structures


Description Nonfiction Text Structures introduces students to this specific structure and how to use it. They will discover the purpose of text structures and how to identify it using keywords as clues.

In the “Options for Lesson” section on the classroom procedure page, you will find a suggested schedule for presenting the lesson material to your class. On day one, students will go through the lesson material and create an anchor chart. They will also do the activity worksheet with their partner. For day two, review the anchor chart, complete the practice worksheet, and assign the homework. On day three, review the chart again and collect homework assignments. Then you can distribute the quiz on day four.

Sign Up to Download

Categories: , Tags: ,


What our Description Nonfiction Text Structures lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Description Nonfiction Text Structures teaches students how to identify this text structure and use it correctly. Students will read and write examples of the description structure. They will also list keywords that help them know that this is the text structure they are reading. They will also be able to determine the purpose for using it.

There is one page of content in this lesson. Students will primarily learn by doing in this lesson. Use this page according to the instructions that the classroom procedure page outlines.


Students will work with a partner on the activity. The worksheet displays a short passage about the leatherback turtle. Students will read the passage and highlight keywords that signal to them that it is descriptive. At the end of the passage, they will complete a semantic web to list the pieces of information that they learned about the topic. After they complete the web, they can use the two lines at the bottom of the page to write a summary statement about what they learned.


The practice worksheet requires students to read a passage about the saguaro cactus. Similar to the activity worksheet, students must highlight keywords that signal description and facts about one main topic. After they finish reading, they will complete the list below the passage. They must write keywords from the passage that relate to appearance, habitat, and role in the desert. At the end, they will write a summary statement describing what they learned.


For the homework assignment, students must choose an animal, famous person, or historical figure to write about using the description text structure. They will trade papers with another student and each each others’ papers. Then they will completed a bulleted list organizing facts from the other person’s paper into categories.


On the quiz, students must first answer a few questions. Then they will read a passage about hummingbirds. Finally, they will answer three more questions related to the text.

Additional information


5th Grade, 6th Grade



State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.