Word Problems and Multiplication


In our Word Problems and Multiplication lesson plan, students learn strategies for solving word problems that contain multiplication. They will practice writing word problems that require multiplication and will solve problems using multiplication.

Included with this lesson are some adjustments or additions that you can make if you’d like, found in the “Options for Lesson” section of the Classroom Procedure page. One of the optional additions to this lesson is to have students solve problems as a class using each of the strategies

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What our Word Problems and Multiplication lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Word Problems and Multiplication lesson plan lists several strategies for solving word problems using multiplication. Some of the strategies include making a diagram, eliminating possibilities, and looking for patterns. Several clue words are listed to help students know when multiplication is necessary to solve a word problem. At the end of the lesson, students will be able to solve word problems using multiplication. This lesson is for students in 3rd grade and 4th grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the blue box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson. If you’d like to add to the activity worksheet, you can have students draw cards with pictures on them to determine what their multiplication problems should be about. For an additional activity, you can have students solve problems as a class using each of the strategies. Finally, you can also have students work together to create a poster that shows their strategy for solving a word problem.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.


Word Problems and Multiplication

The Word Problems and Multiplication lesson plan includes two content pages. The lesson begins by reminding students that they complete math problems every day without thinking about it. There are many real-world situations that require you to use different math operations, like multiplication. You can use different strategies to solve multiplication word problems.

The first thing you should do when solving a multiplication word problem is to explore! You should figure out what you already know, what information the problem gave to you, what you need to find out, and what question is being asked.

The second step is to plan. You need to decide what strategy you’re going to use to solve the problem. The lesson lists some problem solving strategies that you can think about using, including guess and check, look for a pattern, make an organized list, and draw a diagram.

The third step is to solve by using your chosen problem solving strategy. During this step, you’ll do all of the actual math. It’s important to have already identifies the key words in the word problem, because these will tell you which operation you will need to use (this lesson only uses multiplication, but other word problems will require the use of addition, subtraction, and division). Some words and phrases that indicate that you need to use multiplication are times, rate, each, and product of. The lesson also lists a few more.

The fourth step is to examine. You should re-read the question to make sure your answer makes sense, and check your work. If your answer doesn’t make sense for the problem, try solving using a different strategy.

The lesson then delves into two different example problems and shows how to solve them step-by-step using the four steps described above.


The Word Problems and Multiplication lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.


For the activity worksheet, students will write their own multiplication problems using the pictures shown on the worksheet and numbers 100 or less.


The practice worksheet asks students to solve four word problems.


For the homework assignment, students will write their own multiplication word problems (like the activity worksheet). They should be creative, use numbers 100 or less, and attach a picture if they want.


This lesson includes a quiz to test students’ understanding of the lesson material. For the quix, students will solve a multiplication word problem.

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes answer keys for the practice worksheet and the quiz. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


3rd Grade, 4th Grade



State Educational Standards

LB.Math.Content.3.OA.A.3, LB.Math.Content.4.OA.A.2

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.