Multiplication – Grade 3

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Multiplication – Grade 3 teaches students how to recognize multiplying as repeated addition. Students will understand how this method can help them solve multiplication problems more easily. They will also be able to use diagrams to solve for the produce of two numbers.

There are a couple suggestions listed in the “Options for Lesson” section that you might want to include in your lesson. One suggestion is to allow students to repeat numbers in their egg cartons. You could also give advanced students larger numbers to work with. Another suggestion is to have students roll two die and multiply those numbers.

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Description

What our Multiplication – Grade 3 lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Multiplication – Grade 3 builds on what students learned in previous years. At the end of the lesson, students will understand that multiplying is repeated addition. They will also know how to use diagrams to solve for the product of two numbers.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the blue box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. The only supplies you will need for this lesson are egg cartons, two marbles, and the handouts. To prepare for this lesson ahead of time, you can gather the supplies, add numbers to the egg cartons, and copy the handouts.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson. One optional adjustment you can make is to change the numbers on the egg cartons for different groups of students or repeat them inside the cartons. If you have more advanced students, you can give them larger numbers. Finally, you can have students roll two dice and multiply the numbers.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes a paragraph with additional guidelines and things to think about as you begin to plan your lesson. This page also includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.

MULTIPLICATION – GRADE 3 LESSON PLAN CONTENT PAGES

The Multiplication – Grade 3 lesson plan includes two pages of content. The lesson begins by explaining how students can think of multiplication as repeated addition. When you multiply, you are adding a number to itself a certain number of times. The lesson provides a few examples and then lists a few steps students can follow to help them solve these problems. There are pictures to help them understand these concepts. For example, if you add the number 5 to itself 4 times, that’s the same as multiplying 5 times 4 (5 x 4). We use the x symbol to indicate multiplication.

The second page continues with another example. Students will see in this example how they can multiply the number of eggs in two cartons. First, they will draw a picture. Then they will write the multiplication fact: 2 cartons with 12 eggs = 2 x 12. Finally, they will solve the problem.

MULTIPLICATION – GRADE 3 LESSON PLAN WORKSHEETS

The Multiplication – Grade 3 lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.

MARBLES IN EGG CARTONS ACTIVITY WORKSHEET

For the activity, you will need to provide students with empty egg cartons and two marbles. Students will write a number at the bottom of each depression in the egg carton. Then they will place the two marbles inside. After shaking the carton and opening it up, they will multiply the two numbers on which the marbles landed. If you want, you can have the students keep a record of the problems they solve.

REVIEW PRACTICE WORKSHEET

The practice worksheet lists six different word problems. Students will need to read through the problems and figure out how to set up the multiplication expression. There is space below each problem that they can use to show their work.

MULTIPLICATION – GRADE 3 HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

Similar to the practice worksheet, the homework assignment requires students to solve word problems. Again, there is a total of six word problems for which students will write the expressions and figure out the answers.

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes answer keys for the practice worksheet and the homework assignment. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information

grade-level

3rd Grade

subject

Math

State Educational Standards

LB.Math.Content.3.OA.A.1

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.