Introduction to Place Value


Our Introduction to Place Value lesson plan teaches students about how to group numbers based on place value. Students are also taught specifically that the two digits in a two-digit number represent tens and ones and what that means.

Included with this lesson are some adjustments or additions that you can make if you’d like, found in the “Options for Lesson” section of the Classroom Procedure page. One of the optional additions to this lesson is to have students look for examples of numbers around their neighborhood or bring in numbers they’ve found in magazines or newspapers to work with during class.

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What our Introduction to Place Value lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Introduction to Place Value teaches students the various ways to group numbers. The lesson uses visual representations to show students how to move numbers into groups of ten, and how the leftover numbers go into the ones place. At the end of the lesson, students will understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent the tens and ones. This lesson is for students in 1st grade and 2nd grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the blue box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. The supplies you will need for this lesson are dice and crayons or markers. To prepare for this lesson ahead of time, you can gather the supplies and copy the lesson materials.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson. For this lesson, one of the optional additions is to have your students use manipulatives to model numbers and practice drawing models for two digit numbers. If you’re teaching older or more advanced students, you can have them include the hundreds place in their base ten drawings using a large square. Another great idea is to use spinners or counters to create numbers. You can also have students look for examples of numbers around their neighborhood or bring in numbers they’ve found in magazines or newspapers to work with during class.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.


Introduction to Place Value

The Introduction to Place Value lesson plan includes two pages of content. It begins by stating that we call the digits that students use (0 through 9) Arabic Numerals. This set of digits is used to create numbers, even numbers larger than 9! Once you go over the number 9, you need to start a new column, called the tens. We call it the tens because the value of the digits in that column are always groups of ten. In the number 10, for example, the 1 represents a single group of 10, and the 0 is what’s left over.

The lesson then provides an example using beans. It shows a pile of beans and notes that the best way to count them is to put them into groups of 10. In this example, there is one group of 10 and five left over. To figure out the total number of beans, we can add the single group of 10 and the five left over for a total 0f 15 beans. The lesson notes that the place values represented here are ones and tens. We also call these units. By grouping large numbers of objects by tens, you can count them must faster and more efficiently. The number of groups of 10 goes in the tens place, while everything left over goes in the ones place. If there’s nothing left over, a 0 goes in the ones place.

Next, the lesson provides some more examples for students to learn from. It shows how you might count a group of pennies. First, you place them into groups of 10, counting how many groups of 10 you have. You then count the leftovers. In this example, there are four groups of 10 and two left over, so there are 42 pennies total. You would write the four in the tens place and the two in the ones place.

Finally, the lesson notes that understanding place value is very important. It includes a chart of groups of ten and what we call them. 10 is ten, 20 in twenty, 30 is thirty, 40 is forty, 50 is fifty, 60 is sixty, 70 is seventy, 80 is eighty, 90 is ninety, and 100 is one hundred. When you have ten groups of ten, you have a hundred! Students will learn about the hundreds place in a later lesson.


The Introduction to Place Value lesson plan includes four worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, a homework assignment, and a quiz. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.


The activity worksheet asks students to roll dice to complete the chart. The chart includes space to record each roll of the dice. Once they’ve rolled, they’ll write down the numbers, complete a base ten drawing based on those numbers, and then fill in how many tens and how many ones. One example is filled in for the students to use as a reference.


For the practice worksheet, students will color in specific squares on a hundreds chart. It lists these numbers in word form. For example, they would color in the 26 square for “2 tens 6 ones”.


The homework assignment asks students to first cut out the pieces of four small puzzles which contain four pieces each. Then, they will rearrange the pieces. Each piece contains either a number, a number written in word form, a simple addition problem, or a base ten drawing. They will match the pieces so that each piece in each puzzle represents the same number. For example, they would match the number 12 with the base ten drawing for the number 12, 12 in word form, and the addition problem that equals 12.


Students will also complete a quiz as a part of this lesson. For the quiz, they will fill in the missing information on a chart. The chart includes columns for a number, a base ten drawing, and tens and ones. They must use the given information to fill in the rest of the chart. This will test their understanding of the lesson material.

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes answer keys for the practice worksheet, and the quiz. No answer keys are provided for the activity worksheet or homework assignment. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


1st Grade, 2nd Grade



State Educational Standards

LB.Math.Content.K.NBT.A.1, LB.Math.Content.1.NBT.B.2, None for Grade 2

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.

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Belinda M.

Place value mania

I used this plan to teach my SPed kids place value. They got it. The activities are great.