Introduction to Multiplication


Introduction to Multiplication teaches students how to multiply whole numbers. Students will learn a few different methods for multiplying, including arrays, object grouping, and repeated addition. By the end of the lesson, students should be able to demonstrate how to multiply in all these ways.

There are a couple of suggestions listed in the “Options for Lesson” section on the classroom procedure page that you can incorporate into your lesson. One such suggestion is to show students that multiplication has a commutative property. You can do real-life examples in class by giving three students six cards and six students three cards. This way, you can prove that the final answer is equal regardless of the factors.

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What our Introduction to Multiplication lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Introduction to Multiplication teaches students to the foundational basics of multiplying using drawings, repeated addition, and arrays. Students will be able to interpret products of whole numbers. They will walk through several example problems. By then end of the lesson, they will be able to solve and create their own problems.

The lesson contains three pages of content to guide students through the process of multiplying whole numbers. The first page starts off explaining that multiplication is repeated addition. It provides an example with pictures that will help students understand how this concept works. The lesson describes how knowing how multiplication works is at least as important as memorizing multiplication facts.

The other pages provide several more examples for students to follow along with. You may choose to add some of your own if any of your students struggle to grasp the concept fully. The worksheets will also help solidify their knowledge.


For the activity, students will cut out 10 numbers from the worksheet. They will take the cut-out numbers and glue them to the squares in the equation boxes. There are five blank equations to which they can glue their numbers. Then they will have to solve their equations using a specific method. Each equation has a box next to it that shows which method the students must use.


The practice worksheet shows three sets of pictures. Each picture has an instruction below it describing what the student must do. There are three boxes beneath each picture set that show the three methods students will use to show their answers.


Students must solve four different problems using one method. Each problem shows three method options. They have to use each method at least one time, but they will use one method twice.

Additional information


3rd Grade


Math, Video

State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.

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