Equal Sign Meaning


Our Equal Sign Meaning lesson plan teaches students how to define an equal (=) sign and offers a history of the equals sign. Students practice using the equal sign in math problems and solve practice problems using equals signs.

Included with this lesson are some adjustments or additions that you can make if you’d like, found in the “Options for Lesson” section of the Classroom Procedure page. One of the optional additions to this lesson is…

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What our Equal Sign Meaning lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Equal Sign Meaning not only defines an equal (=) sign for students but also offers a history of the equals sign and how it came to be the agreed-upon symbol in math. The lesson reminds students that the equals (=) sign is always placed between two (or more) expressions that have the same value. Unlike other math symbols like the plus (+) sign or minus (-) sign, the equal (=) sign does not tell you to do anything, it just gives you information. At the end of the lesson, students will be able to understand the meaning of the equal sign and apply the concept of equality to determine if an addition or subtraction equation is true or false. This lesson is for students in 1st grade and 2nd grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the blue box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson.

Have students use tiles or disks to create equations and understand that they are balanced, introduce the commutative property of addition, have students create their own math equations to exchange with a partner, play a stand up sit down game and see who can get equations correct, for advanced students begin to place two facts on either side of the equal sign.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.


Equal Sign Meaning

The Equal Sign Meaning lesson plan includes one page of content. 


The Equal Sign Meaning lesson plan includes four worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, a homework assignment, and a quiz. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.








This lesson also includes a quiz that you can use to test students’ understanding of the lesson material. For the quiz, students will 

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes answer keys for the practice worksheet and the quiz. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


1st Grade, 2nd Grade



State Educational Standards