Equal Parts


Our Equal Parts lesson plan teaches students the vocabulary to describe equal parts such as halves, fourths, and quarters. Students practice using these terms in order to solidify their understanding of the lesson.

Included with this lesson are some adjustments or additions that you can make if you’d like, found in the “Options for Lesson” section of the Classroom Procedure page. One of the optional additions to this lesson is to have your students walk through the school and use string or strips of paper to create equal parts out of various objects.

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What our Equal Parts lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Equal Parts builds vocabulary as students define, recognize, and use the terms for equal parts such as halves, fourths, quarters and other terms related to parts of a whole. This lesson is for students in 1st grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the blue box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. The supplies you will need for this lesson include scissors, colored pencils, glue, construction paper, rulers, and the handouts. To prepare for this lesson ahead of time, you can gather the supplies and copy the handouts.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson. For this lesson, some of the optional adjustments relate to the lesson activity. You can create additional shapes or use construction paper for the shapes for the activity. Another optional adjustment to the lesson is to use hands-on manipulatives to practice creating equal parts. You could have your students walk through the school and use string or strips of paper to create equal parts out of various objects. Finally, you could have students create art projects that use equal parts as part of their drawing or design.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes a paragraph with additional guidelines and things to think about as you begin to plan your lesson. It notes that students will not learn about fractional parts as a part of this lesson. This page also includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.


Pizza, Pies, and Parts

The Equal Parts lesson plan includes two content pages. The lesson begins by asking students what they prefer eating the most: pizza or pie? It then asks what the shape of these foods is. Both are circles. Circles are round and can be cut into equal parts. If two people wanted to eat the same amount of pizza, how would they cut it? The lesson includes illustrations that show that you can cut the pizza in half. Half of something means that there are two equal parts of that thing. Circles of any size can be cut in half, and they can be cut side to side or top to bottom.

Rectangles, on the other hand, have four sides. We can also cut them in half, just like we can cut a circle in half. Cutting a rectangle in half means that you would, again, have two equal parts.

Circles, rectangles, and other shapes can also be cut into more equal parts. You can cut them into three equal parts, called thirds, or four equal parts, also called fourths or quarters. The lesson includes examples of these, with each of the parts shown in different colors.


The Equal Parts lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.


For the activity worksheet, students will create a poster showing how to split the various shapes provided into equal parts.

Students may work in pairs for this activity if you’d prefer.


The practice worksheet asks students to cut out the geometric shapes and fold them in different ways to show how they can be cut or separated into equal parts. They must make sure that each part is equal and trace the fold lines with a colored pencil. Next, they must write on each shape whether it’s cut into halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, or more. They will then glue the shapes onto construction paper and title it “Equal Parts”.


For the homework assignment, students will complete two exercises. For the first, they will cut each of the provided shapes into equal parts, based on the number of equal parts indicated on the worksheet. Next, they will answer questions about the lesson material to show their understanding. They will then tell whether each shape on the worksheet is cut in halves, thirds, or fourths. Finally, students will create shapes based on different prompts (such as “Shape with 4 equal parts”).

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes answer keys for the practice worksheet and the homework assignment. No answer key is provided for the activity worksheet as students’ answers will vary. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade


Math, Video

State Educational Standards

LB.Math.Content.1.G.A.3, LB.Math.Content.2.G.A.3, LB.Math.Content.3.G.A.2

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.

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Ami H.

Great introduction to fractions

Good visual reinforcement of the concept of fractions


Loving the curriculum so far!

It was amazing.

Sohayla S.

Loving the curriculum so far!

We just started using your workbooks in homeschool, and so far I love it - the kids love it, so a big thank you from us! We're very grateful to have found your site ~ The Smith Homeschool.


Great practice

My son and I find theses lessons helpful and well pointed.