Compare Fractions Using Models


Our Compare Fractions Using Models lesson plan teaches students to compare fractions, with like denominators, using models.

Included with this lesson are some adjustments or additions that you can make if you’d like, found in the “Options for Lesson” section of the Classroom Procedure page. One of the optional additions to the lesson activity is to have your students use whiteboards to draw different shapes using various denominators other than 6.

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What our Compare Fractions Using Models lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Compare Fractions Using Models teaches students a new method for comparing fractions. At the end of the lesson, students will be able to compare fractions with like denominators using models. This lesson is for students in 2nd grade and 3rd grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the blue box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand.

Options for Lesson

Included with this lesson is an “Options for Lesson” section that lists a number of suggestions for activities to add to the lesson or substitutions for the ones already in the lesson. One optional addition to the lesson activity is to have your students use whiteboards to draw different shapes using various denominators other than 6. If you have more advanced students, you can begin to explain comparing unlike denominators. Finally, you can have your students write the fraction below or next to the model to enhance their understanding.

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes a paragraph with additional guidelines and things to think about as you begin to plan your lesson. This page also includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.


Compare Fractions Using Models

The Compare Fractions Using Models lesson plan includes two pages of content. When comparing fractions, you need to figure out which pieces are bigger, which are smaller, and which are the same size.

Fractions have a numerator and a denominator. The numerator, which you write above the division line, is the number of pieces you have. The denominator, which you write below the division line, is the total number of pieces.

You can compare fractions in three ways: > (greater than), < (less than), or = (equal to). In a given fraction, the larger piece is greater than and the smaller piece is less than. If the pieces are the same size, they’re equal.

To compare fractions, you can look at a model of two fractions with the same denominator and figure out which is larger by comparing the numerator. The lesson includes a helpful example. In the example, both shapes have six equal parts. The two shapes are the same size and have the same number of parts, so we can compare them. Five parts is greater than two parts. You can also write it as fractions: 5/6 > 2/6.

The lesson includes a few additional examples to help students understand the lesson concepts. It’s important to remember that, in order to compare two fractions using a model, the shapes must be the same size and the pieces have to be the same size. You then compare the numbers to see which is larger and which is smaller.


The Compare Fractions Using Models lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.


For the activity worksheet, students will roll dice to find out the number of pieces they will color in on each given shape. They will then compare the fractions using <, >, or =.


The practice worksheet asks students to compare fractions using <, >, or =.


For the homework assignment, students will color in each fraction to match the comparison. They will then write in the comparison.


This lesson also includes a quiz that you can use to test students’ understanding of the lesson material. For the quiz, students will compare fractions using <, >, or =.

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes answer keys for the practice worksheet, the homework assignment, and the quiz. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits these pages. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information


2nd Grade, 3rd Grade



State Educational Standards

None for Grade 2, LB.Math.Content.3.NF.A.3.D

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.