Sacagawea provides students with more than a history lesson. Students will practice their ability to analyze information and make inferences. They will learn how to chart a course on a map. And they will examine primary sources to verify biographical information. This lesson teaches students several skills in different areas using a short history on one of most well-known figures in the nation’s history.

The “Options for Lesson” section provides you with an additional or alternative activity for your lesson. There are a number of interactive games on the internet that you may want your students to play either at the beginning of the lesson or as an enrichment exercise.

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What our Sacagawea lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Sacagawea is unique in that it provides instruction in multiple fields: literacy, history, and writing. Students will discover much about this famous historical figure. In addition, however, they will learn how to analyze information for several different purposes. The will examine primary sources, write an opinion, and even use map skills.

There are two pages of content that describe basic details of both Sacagawea’s life and other historical events in which she was involved. The lesson content focuses primarily on historical facts. It first details the early years of Sacagawea as daughter of the Shoshone chief. She lived in an area that is now called Lemhi County, Idaho.

Then the lesson continues with details on how she came to join Lewis and Clark in their famous expedition. It describes their journey and some of the interesting facts about the adventure. Students will learn that Sacagawea was very young, only 16, when she and her husband joined the two explorers. She died eight years later at Fort Manuel, which is now Kenel, South Dakota.


The activity requires students to answer questions based on what they learned in the lesson. The first four questions involve simple facts. The last three, however, require students to analyze the information they learned. They have to discover their own ideas and opinions on what they think. The answers may widely vary among the students.


For the practice, students will read an excerpt from one of the journals of Lewis and Clark. After reviewing and analyzing the passage, students must explain in their own words what they think it means.


Students will need to visit the interactive map at the link that this worksheet provides or use other resources to complete the assignment. They will trace the journey of Sacagawea, Lewis, and Clark across the United States on the map. They must label places that they read about in the lesson.

Additional information


3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade


Biography, Language Arts, Reading, Social Studies

State Educational Standards


Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.