Relative Pronouns and Adverbs

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Our Relative Pronouns and Adverbs lesson plan teaches students all about what relative pronouns and adverbs are, how to use them, and how to identify them. Students practice using relative pronouns and adverbs in their writing as a part of this lesson.

Included with this lesson are some adjustments or additions that you can make if you’d like, found on the Teacher Notes page of this lesson. One of the optional additions to this lesson is a board game where students take turns in groups of three or four rolling dice and moving. Every space on the board will have a picture that students must use to create a sentence that includes a relative pronoun.

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Description

What our Relative Pronouns and Adverbs lesson plan includes

Lesson Objectives and Overview: Relative Pronouns and Adverbs introduces the new concepts of relative pronouns and adverbs in a highly digestible way with examples and tips. At the end of the lesson, students will be able to understand the concepts of and be able to use relative pronouns and adverbs in sentences. This lesson is for students in 4th grade, 5th grade, and 6th grade.

Classroom Procedure

Every lesson plan provides you with a classroom procedure page that outlines a step-by-step guide to follow. You do not have to follow the guide exactly. The guide helps you organize the lesson and details when to hand out worksheets. It also lists information in the orange box that you might find useful. You will find the lesson objectives, state standards, and number of class sessions the lesson should take to complete in this area. In addition, it describes the supplies you will need as well as what and how you need to prepare beforehand. 

Teacher Notes

The teacher notes page includes a paragraph with additional guidelines and things to think about as you begin to plan your lesson. This section includes a list of some additional activities for the lesson that students can use for practice. One of these is a board game where students take turns in groups of three or four rolling dice and moving. Every space on the board will have a picture that students must use to create a sentence that includes a relative pronoun. This page also includes lines that you can use to add your own notes as you’re preparing for this lesson.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS LESSON PLAN CONTENT PAGES

Relative Pronouns and Adverbs

The Relative Pronouns and Adverbs lesson plan includes three content pages. The lesson begins by stating that relative pronouns and adverbs introduce relative clauses. We find them after a noun and directly before the relative clause in a sentence. The relative clause describes the noun. The lesson includes an example sentence: The man who lives next door is a dentist. In this sentence, The man is a noun, who is a relative pronoun, and lives next door tells us about the noun. We call these pronouns and adverbs relative because they relate to the word that the relative clause modifies.

The relative pronouns covered in this lesson are who, whom, which, whose, and that. To determine if a word is a relative pronoun, you should make sure the word comes directly after the noun and before the relative clause. We can replace relative pronouns with a pronoun. The lesson includes the corresponding pronoun for each relative pronoun in a chart later in the lesson.

The relative adverbs covered in this lesson are when, where, and why. To determine if a word is a relative adverb, you should make sure the word comes directly after the noun and before the relative clause. There are also helpful tools to check whether when, where, or why are used as relative adverbs in a sentence. We can replace the relative adverb when with on which or in which; where with in which or at which; and why with for which or the reason. The lesson includes examples of all of these.

Relative Pronouns

The lesson next includes a helpful chart for students. It lists relative pronouns, when we use them and an example. We use who to give information about people or when talking about the subject. We use whom to give information about people or when talking about the object who is the receiver of the action. Next, we use whose to show possession, mostly for people but sometimes for animals or objects. We use which for object and animals. Finally, we use that in place of who or which; for objects, animals, or people. That is less formal than which.

Relative Adverbs

The lesson ends with a chart that includes relative adverbs, when we use them, and an example. We use when for time, where for place, and why for reason.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS LESSON PLAN WORKSHEETS

The Relative Pronouns and Adverbs lesson plan includes three worksheets: an activity worksheet, a practice worksheet, and a homework assignment. You can refer to the guide on the classroom procedure page to determine when to hand out each worksheet.

RELATIVE PRONOUN SENTENCE STRIPS ACTIVITY WORKSHEET

For the activity, students will need supplies: lined paper cut in strips in two colors; a large sheet or colored paper; colored pencils, crayons, or markers; scissors; and glue.

Students will work either alone or with a partner to find the parts of each sentence that fit together, using the sentence parts included on the second page of the activity (which they will cut out). Every sentence will include a starting phrase, a relative pronoun, and a relative clause. They will glue the pieces together on their large sheet of paper and color it in or decorate it as they see fit.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS PRACTICE WORKSHEET

For the practice worksheet, students will complete two exercises. The first asks them to use the relative pronouns why, where, and when to fill in the blanks in the provided sentences. The second asks them to circle the correct relative pronoun in the given sentences.

WRITING WITH RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

The homework assignment asks students to write a page about someone (a famous person, a person they know, or themself) and list some positive or interesting things about that person. Every sentence should include a relative pronoun or adverb. They must make sure to use the pronouns and adverbs correctly. Their page should include at least eight sentences. The worksheet includes a helpful list of relative pronouns and adverbs for students to reference as they write.

Worksheet Answer Keys

This lesson plan includes an answer key for the practice worksheet. If you choose to administer the lesson pages to your students via PDF, you will need to save a new file that omits this page. Otherwise, you can simply print out the applicable pages and keep these as reference for yourself when grading assignments.

Additional information

grade-level

4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade

subject

Language Arts

State Educational Standards

LB.ELA-literacy.L.4.1a, LB.ELA-Literacy.L.4.1f, LB.ELA-Literacy.L.6.1d, LB.ELA-Literacy.SL.5.1

Lessons are aligned to meet the education objectives and goals of most states. For more information on your state objectives, contact your local Board of Education or Department of Education in your state.

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TS
10/31/2020
Twanna S.
US US

Awesome !

The lesson content was great!

JW
02/20/2018
Jenee W.
US

Relative Pronouns and Adverbs

Great! Lesson Plan is very interactive and engaging.